Technology Glossary

Antivirus Program – A software utility program that searches digital media for programs or pieces of code that are loaded onto technology systems and run without the user’s knowledge or permission.

BlogAn online journal comprised of links and postings in reverse chronological order that is intended to by viewed or commented on by others.

Cyberbullying – Using technologies, including e-mail, Web sites, instant messages, and cellular telephones, to deliberately harass, threaten, or intimidate someone.

Data – Discrete pieces of information that can be organized for analysis or used for decision making.

Data Encryption –  Converting data into a code that cannot be easily understood by unauthorized individuals.

Digital Media – 1. Any form of information, including text, graphics, audio, and video, that is stored on a technology system or device.  2. Any storage device that holds digital content, including Universal Series Bus (USB) drives, music player (MP) 3 devices, compact diskettes (CDs), and digital video diskettes (DVDs).

Digital Tools – Hardware or software that aids in gathering data, organizing information, and creating products. Examples:  word processing software, concept mapping tools, spreadsheet software, probes, personal digital assistants.

Ergonomics – The applied science of equipment design intended to maximize productivity by reducing user fatigue and discomfort.  Something that is ergonomic is designed for safe, comfortable, and efficient use.

Digital CitizenshipThe responsible, ethical, legal, and safe use of technology systems by individuals as members of society and citizens of the global community.

Global AwarenessA conceptual understanding of global and cultural perspectives, including social, economic, cultural, political, and environmental factors.

Handheld Device – A portable computing device that can easily be used in-hand and typically consists of a small visual display screen for output and a miniature keyboard, touch screen, or stylus for user input.  Examples:  cellular  telephones, MP3 devices, personal digital assistants.

Input Device – Any device that feeds data into a computer.  Examples:  keyboard, mouse, stylus, touch screen.

Instant Messaging (IM) – Exchanging text messages between two or more individuals through a software application in real-time.

Multimedia Presentation – Using any combination of text, graphics, audio, or video to present information.

Network – Technology systems connected together to share information.

Networked Technology System – Any technology system that includes hardware, software, or peripherals and connects with other technological systems using cables or wireless frequencies.

Operating System – The first software program to load into a technology system’s main memory when the device is turned on.  It manages all other programs of a technology system.

Output Device – Any device capable of representing information from a technology system.  Examples:  printer, plotter, display screen.

Podcast – A digital media file or collection of digital media files distributed over the Internet for playback on portable media players and other technology systems.

Simulation Software – Programs that imitate real phenomena.  The programs model real-world situations and processes such as weather conditions, chemical reactions, construction models, economic trends, and management of virtual businesses; can be used to design and test equipment without actually building the equipment.

Social Networking – Online communities of people who share interests and activities, or who are interested in exploring the interests and activities of others.

Technology System – Any technology device that includes hardware, software, or peripherals.  Examples:  computers, cellular telephones, personal digital assistants, MP3 devices.

Touch Screen – A display screen sensitive to human touch that allows a user to interact with the technology system by touching graphics or text on the screen.

Touchpad – A stationary pointing device with a small, flat surface over which a user slides a finger using the same movements as when using a mouse. The pad's surface can be tapped as an alternative to pressing one of the touchpad keys.

Troubleshoot – To analyze a technology system that is not operating correctly and then apply strategies to solve problems.

Virus – A program or piece of code that is loaded onto a technology system and runs without the user’s knowledge or permission.

Wiki – Server software that allows users to collaboratively create, edit, and link Web pages using any Web browser.

Worm – A program or algorithm that replicates itself over a network without a user’s knowledge or permission and performs malicious actions, including depleting a system’s resources or shutting down a system.

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